2 Samuel

2 Samuel 1-4

2 Samuel just might be your new favorite book of the Bible.  Before you committed to this read I may have asked you “Who is David?”.  You may have said a man after God’s heart, the first King (which he wasn’t), or the infamous “David and Goliath”.  I really hope we see why reading the whole Bible is so important, we are learning about ALL of David.  In the first half of 2 Samuel we will see the successes of David.  Unfortunately, in the second half we will read the failures of David.  But here is what we need to take away:

The message of 2 Samuel is that man’s attitude toward God creates an opportunity for God, and God’s attitude toward man creates an opportunity for man.   David had four convictions about God.

  1. First, David believed that God was Israel’s supreme Ruler. He never doubted this or presumed to elevate himself to God’s place as Head of the Nation.
  2. Second, David believed that God was consistently and completely righteous in His dealings. David confessed his sin when he was charged with it, rather than trying to deny it. We read this deeply in the Psalms.
  3. Third, David believed that God was always merciful. He was willing to let God determine his punishment because he believed God would be merciful.
  4. Fourth, David believed that God’s will was always best. His greatest desire was for God’s will in his own life and in Israel’s .

What do you really want? Be careful, because God will give you what you really want. Do you want to run your own life? God will let you do it, but He may let you run your life into a brick wall.

I am a little preachy today…too much coffee!


Chapter 1: Liar Liar Pants on Fire!!👑  Something in this story does not add up!

Go back and read 1 Samuel 31 Click here

So this Amalekite (that’s important to the story) said he came upon Saul still alive on his sword?  Maybe the story is true.  Maybe he came upon him dead and just stole the crown.  Maybe he stole it from the Philistines when the stripped him of his armor.  The story doesn’t add up.  What does add up is that this Amalekite had the crown and brought it 80 miles to give to David thinking David would reward him. HOWEVER,  David knew that the Amalekites were to be totally destroyed, something Saul did not accomplish (we talked about this when he spared Agag in 1 Samuel 15).  So David killed him for several reasons:

  • this Amalekite assumed David would be happy with Saul being killed.  NO, Saul was God’s anointed!
  • David faithfully obeyed the Lord when He commanded the Israelites to destroy the Amalekites.
  • Made an example of him: This is what happens when you kill one of God’s chosen.

David’s Lament

To Lament means to mourn, cry, grieve-an expression of loss (we have a whole book dedicated to this: Lamentations!….so clearly something HUGE happens)

It begins and ends with “How the Mighty Have Fallen”– a phrase I have used out of context my whole life-like when I am happy about someone powerful that I don’t like messes up”.  It means the opposite!  Nowhere in this poem does David mention Saul’s weakness, failures, or jealousy.  (oh the life lesson on this one!).

David does pronounce a curse on the ones that attacked Saul in verse 1:21 BUT saves the greatest praise for Jonathan:

25 “How the mighty have fallen in battle!
    Jonathan lies slain on your heights.
26 I grieve for you, Jonathan my brother;
    you were very dear to me.
Your love for me was wonderful,
    more wonderful than that of women.

27 “How the mighty have fallen!
The weapons of war have perished!”

I have heard this scripture completely taken out of context (in a sexual manner). Defend it with truth:  Jonathon would have been heir to the throne under Saul!  Yet, he saved David’s life honoring the Lord in 1 Samuel 20.  What a man deserving of praise!


Sorry, I know this is getting too long!

Chapter 2:

What is the chapter subtitle in your Bible?  Mine says “David anointed King over Judah”  Just Judah?

  • David was anointed by Samuel “name of God”
  • then by his people (Judah)
  • then eventually by ALL.

Remind you of someone?? This is a good reminder that Jesus is in the details on every page!!

I know some of you roll your eyes when I post maps BUT let’s go back to one of the first ones since we entered the Promised Land and find Hebron. (I am sure you will recognize a few others and why it matters what tribe they fall in…like Bethleham) Focus Szymanski…we don’t have all day!

Map of the Promised Land

Don’t roll your eyes again, BUT here is another visual that is important: (If you want a copy to write on click here)

Now it all comes together.  Ishbosheth was taken to Mahanaim and Abner (Saul’s commander) made him King of Israel.  Ummm who told him to do that? Although it does make sense to us humans.


By verse 8 we learn that the real player against David is not Saul’s son,  BUT with the commander that appoints Ish-Bosheth- his name is ABNER.  After a civil-war like battle,  Abner waives the white flag.  Only 19 of David’s men were killed compared to 360 on Abner’s side.


Chapter 3

The war between the house of Saul and the house of David lasted a long time. David grew stronger and stronger, while the house of Saul grew weaker and weaker.

Another Family Tree: DEFINITELY worth Printing…We are going to write ALL over it.  One of his sons will kill his first born and lead a rebellion but we are also going to follow this to REHOBOAM!! So click here to print.  You won’t regret it.


Chapter 3 continued.  David gets wife #1 back, but as you can see from the above, she does not give him children. (I felt really sad for her husband too when he was sent away)   If you study the above genealogy, you will see that Joab avenged his brothers death by killing Abner.  Abner was legitimately making an alliance to make David King of ALL 12 tribes when this happens so David publically pronounces that he had NOTHING to do with it.  BUT his mistake was not disciplining  Joab…it will come back to him.


Chapter 4 Finally!

(Put the inserted story about Mephibosheth in your pocket, we will talk about him soon)

Christianity: Mind, Body And Spirit: July 2011

Once again, someone came to David thinking they would be rewarded for killing someone for David.  And once again, David rebukes them for it.  Baanah and Rekab, just like the Amalekite who brought David the crown from Saul was made an example of,  David hung their bodies on a pole for all of Hebron to see.

LOL.  “I guess they weren’t being the hands and feet of Jesus”

2 Samuel · Book Overviews

2 Samuel Overview for tomorrow

How old was David when Samuel anointed him king? | NeverThirsty

1 Samuel Commentaries | Precept Austin

See the above timelines and it will help you get a visual of time.


This is a man that was so young and insignificant that when Samuel went to anoint him, his own father didn’t even put him in line with is brothers.  God chose him.

“The Lord does not look at the things people look at.

People look at the outward appearance, but the Lord looks at the heart.” 1 Sam 16:7

David’s name will be used to recall the City of David, the Star of David, the Lineage of David, the Seed of David, the House of David, the Tabernacle of David, the Offspring of David, and the Root of David.

62 Chapters are devoted to David.  SIXTY TWO.  Last night,  I asked one of my children (16 year old)  “Who was David in the Bible”? And she said “David and the Goliath”.  That’s the only thing she knew.  I walked away mumbling….”what about the other 61 Chapters!”

David will reign the same number of years Saul did, about 40 years. Amazing the difference when you are a man after God’s heart.


On Sunday we are going to read Psalm 78, but I want to share with you the end of it.  The rest of the entire Bible rests on this.  We are working our way up to the Birth of Christ, right?  When you open the Gospel, what is the first line? (go ahead, I will wait…)  The first line of the Gospel will be welded to the Davidic Covenant (we will read that on May 7th…so assume I will be unglued that day!!)

Read the end of this Psalm so as we keep focused that David is not the center of these stories.  “He”- is God.  God is the center of these stories.

65 Then the Lord awoke as from sleep,
    as a warrior wakes from the stupor of wine.
66 He beat back his enemies;
    he put them to everlasting shame.
67 Then he rejected the tents of Joseph,
    he did not choose the tribe of Ephraim;
68 but he chose the tribe of Judah,
    Mount Zion, which he loved.
69 He built his sanctuary like the heights,
    like the earth that he established forever.
70 He chose David his servant
    and took him from the sheep pens;
71 from tending the sheep he brought him
    to be the shepherd of his people Jacob,
    of Israel his inheritance.
72 And David shepherded them with integrity of heart;
    with skillful hands he led them.

Psalm

Psalm 121, 123, 124, 125, 128, 129, and 130

Psalm 121 is one of the Songs of Ascent.  (Actually, 120-134 are all of them) If you would like to read all of them Click here.) When people would walk uphill to Jerusalem on a pilgrim for one the festivals, they would often sing these Psalms.

Psalm 121 - NIV & ESV - DailyVerses.net


Psalm 123

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Psalm 124

March 15, 2019 - KJV - Bible verse of the day - Psalm 124:8 ...


Psalm 125

The word Zion is written 150 times in the Bible.  The word has several references.  It is referred to the CIty of David, Jerusalem, a mountain that cannot be moved (metaphorically)

Jerusalem | All Geography Now

Psalm 125:1 | Psalms


Psalm 128-This is also called the Wedding Psalm since it was read at weddings in Israel.

  • Here is some transparency for you-ok, so you know when you go to a wedding, they do a “reading”.  Well, when I got married,  I was so OFFENDED by the Bible, I refused to have a Scripture read!   BUT if I was married today I would have this one read 🙌

Typography: Psalm 128:1 – YMI


Psalm 129-

Psalms 129:4 #freedom #cuttherope #God #verseoftheday | Verse of ...


Psalm 130- My FAVORITE of the day- Verse 3-He does not keep record!-Thank heavens!

1 Samuel · Psalm

1 Samuel 28-31 and Psalm 18

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OK, so here is the deal.  I have read the Bible before, but for the life of me, I don’t ever remember chapter 29-31>   Was this just added this year?😜

Chapter 28

Saul and the Witch by Ruth Thompson

God restricted any type of divination, sorcery, or witchcraft (anyone who consults with the dead) in Deuteronomy 18:9-14, however Saul in desperation visits one.  Even though it was forbidden, God used it to speak to him.  In 1 Samuel 28 the message to Saul through Samuel  is:

16 Samuel said, “Why do you consult me, now that the Lord has departed from you and become your enemy? 17 The Lord has done what he predicted through me. The Lord has torn the kingdom out of your hands and given it to one of your neighbors—to David. 18 Because you did not obey the Lord or carry out his fierce wrath against the Amalekites, the Lord has done this to you today. 19 The Lord will deliver both Israel and you into the hands of the Philistines, and tomorrow you and your sons will be with me. The Lord will also give the army of Israel into the hands of the Philistines.”

We knew the kingdom was torn from his hands when Saul grabbed his robe as a visual of what was happening in chapter 15:

27 As Samuel turned to leave, Saul caught hold of the hem of his robe, and it tore.  Samuel said to him, “The Lord has torn the kingdom of Israel from you today and has given it to one of your neighbors—to one better than you.  He who is the Glory of Israel does not lie or change his mind; for he is not a human being, that he should change his mind.”


28-31.  I am always amazed when I look BACK and see how God worked out circumstances.  This is one of those stories.  God knew Chapter 31, so he orchestrated David to be back in Ziklag to save his family in 30 and 29!

David was called up to fight against Saul finally.  BUT should David have this blood on his hands?  NO!  Achish puts him at the back of the army (a sign of respect for his life).  Had David fought in this battle, it would have a negative effect when he becomes king.  So God orchestrates a situation to get him out of it.  However, when he returns to Ziklag and finds all the women and children stolen from the  Amalekites, he gets blamed for that too by his OWN people!  Can David go one day without someone wanting to kill him!

In the end,  David not only brought every person to safety but he also acted wise and fair insisting that all the provisions get distributed evenly and the extra go to the elders.


Psalm 18:  AMAZING!  How do you pick just one verse?

Psalm 18 - NIV & ESV - DailyVerses.net

Psalm 18: Overcoming Depression - Hilary Cobb

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September 8, 2019 - Bible verse of the day - Psalm 18:30 ...

 

Psalm

Psalm 17, 35, 54, and 63,


Psalm 17:

David has had opportunity after opportunity to kill Saul.  Verse 9 says “from the wicked who are out to destroy me, from my mortal enemies who surround me”…yet

Psalm 17:3 You have proved my heart; you have visited me in the ...


Psalm 35:

IN ALL circumstances…ALL David says:

Psalm 35:28 | Scripture verses, Psalms


Psalm 54:

Psalm 54 - NIV & KJV - DailyVerses.net


Psalm 63:

The first 8 verses are worth reading out loud!

I couldn’t pick just one, but I like to think if I was to try to write a psalm, a praise, maybe it would be something like this…

 

 

1 Samuel

1 Samuel 25-27

Chapter 25:The prophet Samuel dies.  He is the one that anointed David as King so now it will be David’s word against Saul’s word.  This will deepen his fears when being pursued so it will intensify the Psalms.  In the meantime, David is protecting a huge piece of property for a rich man named Nabal.  It was customary that during the shearing season, the servants would feast in exchange for their labor.  Nabal’s wife Abigail, may not like her scoundrel of a husband that she calls a “fool”, but she does save his life (well long enough for God to get justice, not David).

This was important because it states in verse 3 that Nabal was a “Calebite” (remember Joshua and Caleb),  so he is from the tribe of Judah.and she points out taking revenge on a man from Judah will only tarnish his reputation when he is king.  (Think about it….that would make him Saul).

The Unsubmissive Wife the Bible Praises: Abigail | Under the ...

Chapter 26: David took a wife….wait! Didn’t he have a wife (Saul’s daughter)?  Oh, wait he took another wife….will 3 be his lucky number? Nope.

8 Wives and 10 concubines will be his lucky number.

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Does David NEED to kill Saul?  No.  What we learned from the Nabal story is that if God wants Saul dead, he can handle it Himself.  So David continues to trust that he is not the hand that would kill one of God’s anointed kings.  He trusts!

David Steals King Saul's Spear This is a game that simulates the ...

Chapter 27:

Now that we are reading the Psalms, take in the whole picture.  He is being pursued by his OWN people, and fleeing and taking refuge in ENEMY territory.  Scary!

So David flees to the land of the Philistines, knowing this is such a risk that Saul would not follow him and give up. He is given a piece of land called Ziklag (technically a town listed in Judah, but was never conquered, so the Philistines control it.  He lives there a year and 4 months.  While living there he continues God’s plan of conquering the land.  When Achish asked who he raided that day he answered with “white lies” when really he was attacking the Geshurites, the Girzites,  and the Amalekites.

Have a great great day!  Back into Psalms tomorrow.  Feel free to read ahead.

Psalm

Psalm 56, 120, 140, 141, 142

Psalm 56:David:  He must have felt the whole world was against him because they were!.  Think about how scared he had to be.  He was using the Philistine territory as a hiding place.  Being pursued by a King of his own people.

Amazon.com: Tapestry Of Truth - Psalm 56:3 - TOT9241 - Wall and ...


Psalm 120:-Meshek was a nation in the far North and Kedar was a nation in the Southeast. No matter where David went he was in danger.

Psalm 120:1 I took my troubles to the Lord. I cried out to him and ...


Psalm 140:

Don Moen a Twitter: "Psalm 140:13 - Surely the righteous shall ...


Psalm 141:I never noticed before how much of his prayers regarded the destruction that comes from the mouth. From his enemies and his own.  But in Psalm 141 I see confidence in David by verse 6.  The word WILL is used often.  Complete trust.

Psalm 141:3. I wish my sister had pinterest, she needs to read ...


Psalm 142: A prayer in desperation and feeling overwhelmed.

Psalms 142 nlt | Bob Smerecki | Flickr

Psalm

Psalm 7,27, 31, 34, and 52

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Psalm 52 Commentary

Psalm 7 is titled: shiggaion of David, which he sang to the Lord concerning Cush, a Benjamite.

  • A shiggaion is a word also used in Habbakuk 3:1.  It might mean “erratic wandering” “a feeling of: ‘wild’, ” a poem written under intense feeling”- after yesterday’s reading, this puts the psalm into perspective as David is being pursued by thousands- Maybe he is referring to Doeg-the priest killer, who is with Saul and the Benjaminites on this quest.

Psalm 7:17 Illustrated: "Because He is Just" — Heartlight® Gallery

Psalm 27: In a time of fear and loneliness, David writes:

September 14, 2019 - KJV - Bible verse of the day - Psalm 27:1 ...

Psalm 31– I am sure you saw the theme that God is David’s (our)- Refuge, Rock, Fortress BUT in the middle of the Psalm David does admit the negative impact his enemies have had on him.  He is worn down, leaving him lonely and broken.  BUT he concluded with encouragement and returns to the confidence in God that again he is our Refuge. Ending with a message for the reader:

Psalm 31:24 Be Strong - Free Bible Verse Art Downloads – Bible ...

Psalm 34-Even though we don’t know where David was in his journey when this was written, I can’t help but to think he may have been saddened by the account of the priests dying from his lie.  He is brokenhearted and crushed in spirit (v. 18) and warns:

Psalm 34:13 Archives | Daily Devotionals by Thoughts about God

(always cool to see Scriptures that roll off our tongue used in context like 34:8)

Taste And See That The Lord Is GoodJubilee Online Church

Psalm 52-Obviously angry, David expresses his thoughts on the evil that has occurred before he fled.  Innocent men, who helped him were put to death BUT he has full confidence in the Lord that he will defeat those who are a disgrace to in God’s eyes.

from Rev Matthew Bond – Sunday 24th July | Burnside City Uniting ...