Book Overviews · Romans

Romans Overview for tomorrow

Young Adult Bible Study – Romans – New Life Assembly

We know very little about the founding of the church in Rome.  It is believed that a group of Jewish Christians did. It is possible that these Jews became believers in Jerusalem on the day of Pentecost (Acts 2:10), or at some other time quite early in the church’s history.  By the time Paul wrote Romans, the church in Rome was famous throughout the Roman Empire for its faith.

Twenty-one of the 27 New Testament books are letters, and they make up about 35 percent of the New Testament. Paul wrote 13 of these letters.   Paul’s letters make up about one-quarter of the New Testament. He wrote more of the New Testament than anyone except Luke.  (Luke and Acts is longer believe it or not). Romans is the longest of Paul’s letters with 7,114 words. It may have been placed first in the collection of Epistles in the New Testament because of its length or because of its importance.  (The letters seemed to appear in size order)

Paul quoted more often from the Old Testament in this epistle than in all the other epistles combined. Romans has 61 direct quotations. Paul draws from at least 14 different books of the Old Testament. Isaiah and Psalms are the most frequently quoted.

Who should read Romans?  Well, this is not a book I would read to an unbeliever.  The mere fact that they are “veiled” would make this book read like a Japanese Manuscript.  This is a book for believers that want to understand and appreciate their salvation.  It is also a book of DOCTRINE.  “What we believe”.

Paul is in Corinth on his third Mission trip there and he is taking the collection, not to his pocket, but to Jerusalem.  He writes this letter to the Romans before he ever gets there.  He intends to go there but is afraid he may never make it there.  So he feels compelled to write this letter so that the Churches in Rome would have a record on his account.  While he was in Corinth, a woman named Phoebe (not from Friends) was headed to Rome, so he took that opportunity to have her carry that letter.Story of cities #2: Rome wasn't planned in a day … in fact it wasn't planned at all | Cities | The Guardian

Rome was a HUGE city, the capital of the entire Roman empire.  There were however many churches there since there were  “visiting” Romans at the time of Pentecost that were able to go back to Rome and start churches after Peter’s Sermon (Acts 2).  Paul does make it to Rome about 3 years after the letter was written, under not so good circumstances.

The purpose of the letter to Rome was to convey that Faith in the death and Resurrection of Christ is the only ground of acceptance by God.  A God who shows no favoritism between Jew or Gentile.  We will read that we cannot do for ourselves what God has done for us.  Paul does have a sense of sadness and struggles with the fact that Gentiles freely accept and receive the Gospel yet many many Jews will reject it.

The impact this letter will have on the world is incredible.    This book has changed the course of History for the Churches today.  The Book of Romans has influenced such men like Augustine (Catholic Church), Martin Luther (Protestant Reformation), John Bunyan (not Paul the logger but the writer preacher of Pilgrim’s Progress), John Wesley (Methodist foundation), and many others.

What to expect to walk away with is: A person’s justification before the Lord SOLELY rests on the mercy and grace of Christ and NOT on the Law of Moses (10 commandments).  It is not a matter of Law at all, because no person can EVER live up to God’s standards but God himself.  Out of God’s LOVE for every single one of us, he forgives our sins.  There is nothing we can do, that could give us Salvation (and this is coming from a man, Paul, who has given GREATLY) but only from God can we receive Salvation.  WITH THAT SAID, since we have been given that gift in spite of ourselves, God deserves our wholehearted attention, love, service, loyalty, boldness, obedience, and devotion, not for him to love us, but BECAUSE HE LOVES US.

Words to look for:

  • Righteousness (66 times)
    • Law (78 times)
    • Faith (62 times)

I am a hot mess!

So yesterday was a bad day and I jotted down the read.  The read this morning was EXCELLENT…but it was the wrong read!  It did not change the chronological events but I read the 12th instead of the 7th.  I am going to try to push out an Overview for Romans tonight and read one day behind and catch up on the 12th.  So sorry!.  Here is the entire schedule for December.

Dec 1: 1Cor 9-11
Dec 2: 1Cor 12-14
Dec 3: 1Cor 15-16
Dec 4: 2Cor 1-4
Dec 5: 2Cor 5-9
Dec 6: 2Cor 10-13
Dec 7: Acts 20:1-3; Rom 1-3
Dec 8: Rom 4-7
Dec 9: Rom 8-10
Dec 10: Rom 11-13
Dec 11: Rom 14-16
Dec 12: Acts 20:4-23:35
Dec 13: Acts 24-26
Dec 14: Acts 27-28
Dec 15: Colossians; Philemon
Dec 16: Ephesians
Dec 17: Philippians
Dec 18: 1 Timothy
Dec 19: Titus
Dec 20: 1 Peter
Dec 21: Heb 1-6
Dec 22: Heb 7-10
Dec 23: Heb 11-13
Dec 24: 2 Timothy
Dec 25: 2 Peter; Jude
Dec 26: 1 John
Dec 27: 2/3 John
Dec 28: Rev 1-5
Dec 29: Rev 6-11
Dec 30: Rev 12-18
Dec 31: Rev 19-22


Acts 20:4-23:35

Tale of the Tumbling Teen

The beginning of this read cracked me up!  I work in a classroom that is “self-contained”.  No one leaves!  Well, I have 2 other women in there that are trapped with me for 7.5 hours. (If they didn’t drink before this job…they might now 😂). You could imagine me coming into work-purse still on the shoulder, coffee spilling out of my cup, no makeup on yet and begin with “Wait till you hear what Paul wrote today!”  So when the guy at the beginning of the story FELL ASLEEP because Paul talked on and on and on…he fell out of the window! “Dear Lord, Thank you for putting my classroom on the first floor of a building so that my co-workers will never fall out of the window as I go on and on and on” 😴.


08-Paul 3rd missionary journey return trip | Worship Warriors Ministry

22 “And now, compelled by the Spirit, I am going to Jerusalem, not knowing what will happen to me there. 23 I only know that in every city the Holy Spirit warns me that prison and hardships are facing me. 24 However, I consider my life worth nothing to me; my only aim is to finish the race and complete the task the Lord Jesus has given me—the task of testifying to the good news of God’s grace.

Chapter 21

We sought out the disciples there and stayed with them seven days. Through the Spirit they urged Paul not to go on to Jerusalem. When it was time to leave, we left and continued on our way. 

10 After we had been there a number of days, a prophet named Agabus came down from Judea. 11 Coming over to us, he took Paul’s belt, tied his own hands and feet with it and said, “The Holy Spirit says, ‘In this way the Jewish leaders in Jerusalem will bind the owner of this belt and will hand him over to the Gentiles.’”

That is THREE times people pleaded with Paul NOT to go to Jerusalem.    But here is the deal…Have you ever said the Lord’s prayer?  

“‘Our Father in heaven,
hallowed be your name,
10 your kingdom come,
your will be done,
    on earth as it is in heaven.

Paul knew it was God’s will for him to go to Jerusalem, even if it meant beatings, hardships, and prison.

24 However, I consider my life worth nothing to me; my only aim is to finish the race and complete the task the Lord Jesus has given me—the task of testifying to the good news of God’s grace.

When Paul arrives in Jerusalem it doesn’t take long for false accusations to begin:

“You see, brother, how many thousands of Jews have believed, and all of them are zealous for the law. 21 They have been informed that you teach all the Jews who live among the Gentiles to turn away from Moses, telling them not to circumcise their children or live according to our customs. 22 What shall we do? They will certainly hear that you have come, 23 so do what we tell you.

Paul did not tell them they could not circumcise, BUT Paul did not water down the Gospel either.  In a letter to Galatians he plainly states:

 For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision has any value. The only thing that counts is faith expressing itself through love.

If the Jewish people wanted to rely on circumcision as their salvation then they needed to rely on keeping ALL the laws.  Paul however even circumcised Timothy who was 1/2 Jew 1/2 Gentile so that during Timothy’s ministry it did not become an obstacle to his teaching.  It was no longer meant to be physical, it is not meant to be spiritual.

So then the Jewish leaders made Paul take a vow and perform purification rites and pay their own expenses.

  1. I assume this is a Nazarite Vow?  If it is, it is totally being used improperly and
  2. Purification?   Was he considered unclean??
  3. I don’t have a #3 😂


Paul was falsely accused of bringing Gentiles into the Temple.  I will tell you this was a really big accusation.  When the Romans took the authority of capital punishment over from the Jews, the only request the Jewish leaders made was “the one thing we cannot tolerate is a dirty Gentile in our Holy Temple, can we be allowed to give them the death penalty for that and only that”?

YES, says Caesar.  What does he care…he was making Pizza.  (who gets it??)Little Caesars Pizza | LinkedIn

THEN…30 The whole city was aroused, and the people came running from all directions. Seizing Paul, they dragged him from the temple, and immediately the gates were shut. 31 While they were trying to kill him, news reached the commander of the Roman troops that the whole city of Jerusalem was in an uproar. 32 He at once took some officers and soldiers and ran down to the crowd. When the rioters saw the commander and his soldiers, they stopped beating Paul.

Why?  What just happened?  We know that each region governor reported back to Rome.  The report was always to be “yes, things are peaceful and quiet…I am a wonderful governor”.  This was a BIG part of Jesus’ trial too.  The Jewish leaders were left alone ONLY if the Jews remained “not an issue”.  I would say a riot is an issue!

THEN….Paul speaks to the crowd.  Why did the soldiers even let him?  Because they probably panicked when they realized a Roman Citizen was just beaten!  Lord have Mercy….not good!!

What does Paul say???  And we all know Paul can drone on and on…He says the most powerful thing anyone could say then and still now.  YOUR TESTIMONY IN CHRIST.  Why?  No one can argue it!


THEN… They flogged him. (are you seeing the parallel yet in the whole story??) Jesus

Paul's Citizenship (Acts 22:17-29) | The Pulpit And The Pen

THEN… Paul played his Poker hand!

27 The commander went to Paul and asked, “Tell me, are you a Roman citizen?”

“Yes, I am,” he answered.

28 Then the commander said, “I had to pay a lot of money for my citizenship.”

“But I was born a citizen,” Paul replied.

29 Those who were about to interrogate him withdrew immediately. The commander himself was alarmed when he realized that he had put Paul, a Roman citizen, in chains.

SO…they handed him over to the Sanhedrin to deal with it. (they washed their hands of it) Oh, how I love Paul- he knows Ananias is the High Priest!  But he says  “Brothers, I did not realize that he was the high priest; for it is written: ‘Do not speak evil about the ruler of your people.’”

He also knows that the one thing that would divide the Sanhedrin was the one topic they disagreed about…The Resurrection!6 Then Paul, knowing that some of them were Sadducees and the others Pharisees, called out in the Sanhedrin, “My brothers, I am a Pharisee, descended from Pharisees. I stand on trial because of the hope of the resurrection of the dead.”

It worked!  When he said this, a dispute broke out between the Pharisees and the Sadducees, and the assembly was divided.

Paul always wanted to go to Rome: (just not like this)

11 The following night the Lord stood near Paul and said, “Take courage! As you have testified about me in Jerusalem, so you must also testify in Rome.”Paul was guarded by 470 soldiers when He was taken to Governor Felix. | True Bible Facts

To be continued….