1 Kings · 2 Chronicles

1 Kings 8 and 2 Chronicles 5

1 Kings8:

In the first paragraph you can establish the Who, What, Where, When, (we get to the why later).

Then King Solomon summoned into his presence at Jerusalem the elders of Israel, all the heads of the tribes and the chiefs of the Israelite families, to bring up the ark of the Lord’s covenant from Zion, the City of David. All the Israelites came together to King Solomon at the time of the festival in the month of Ethanim, the seventh month.

The WHEN is so cool.  This is a HUGE moment and Solomon chose the month of Ethamin, the seventh month.   Ethamin means “ever-flowing streams,” “enduring” “strong” “everlasting” The name of the month gets changed after the captivity to Tishri or Tishrei. The word “Tishrei” comes from the Syrian “tishrin,” and it means “beginning” or “commencement”.  How fitting for this moment (little geeky info for you).

What do you see? The Feast of Tabernacles. This was one of the feasts that the Mosaic Law specified that all Israelite males must attend (Lev. 23:33-36). This feast was a commemoration of the Lord’s faithfulness during the wilderness wanderings. It looked back to their slavery in Egypt and forward to their Promised Land. The bringing of the ark into the temple symbolized the fulfillment of that hope. Solomon waited for this feast in order to celebrate the dedication of the temple. This festival would bring everyone to the tabernacle (now the temple) to celebrate all week. This is a fantastic day with a spectacular crowd to see the dedication of the temple as the Glory of God fills it.

The ark has been in the Tabernacle this whole time at the house of Obed-edom.  David brought it there after the Philistines had captured it and returned it (2 Sam. 6:17).  The Levites properly brought the Ark into the Temple.

When did Jerusalem become the Capital of Israel? - Ancient Questions

When the priests withdrew from the Holy Place, the cloud filled the temple of the Lord. And the priests could not perform their service because of the cloud, for the glory of the Lord filled his temple.

The “shekinah” cloud, means “to dwell”.  It symbolized his presence amoung the people.  The same word was used when he filled the tabernacle in Exodus 40.

Solomon addressed the people regarding his father’s heart wanting to build the temple, but he was not allowed since he was a king of war, not peace.  God raised up Solomon to do that, as He had promised. He has a large crowd for the festival and he is restating the Davidic Covenant BUT I am also thinking he is letting them know he is king.  A king takes his rightful place after his throne is built (we read about that yesterday):


Solomon’s Prayer was AMAZING!!!  It is the longest prayer in the Bible.  It begins with:

Lord, the God of Israel, there is no God like you in heaven above or on earth below—you who keep your covenant of love with your servants who continue wholeheartedly in your way.

He did not confuse God’s presence with God Himself. (I think we need to think about that in our own lives)

27 “But will God really dwell on earth? The heavens, even the highest heaven, cannot contain you. How much less this temple I have built!

When Solomon prayed his requests were specific.  In Leviticus and Deuteronomy God spoke of Blessing if they followed the law and consequences for disobedience. Solomon specifically addressed each consequence in his prayer.  However, he uses the word WHEN not If.  (Must be the Wisdom speaking)

7 Petitions:

  • When anyone wrongs their neighbor…judge between the innocent and the guilty
  • When your people are defeated, sin, turn their back to you…forgive them
  • When there is a drought…teach them what is right
  • When there is a famine, plague, natural disasters….know their hearts when they call out
  • When a foreigner comes to you (Gentiles)…may all the people know you
  • When we go to war…uphold the cause of your people
  • My favorite: 46 “When they sin against you—for there is no one who does not sin—and you become angry with them and give them over to their enemies, who take them captive to their own lands, far away or near; ….(and when they repent)…forgive them and bring them back.

2 Chronicles:

After reading Chronicles, I thought: “If Chris Tomlin was the entertainment for the Festival, what would the encore song be”.  I know you thought about it too!!

 

 

 

1 Kings · 2 Chronicles

1 Kings 7 and 2 Chronincles 4

Extra Credit Question at the bottom

So the pinnacle of Solomon’s reign was the Temple.  However, after the 7 year construction of the Temple, Solomon decided to build his Palace which was so massive it took 13 years.  We already saw the offerings and donations that funded the Temple.  Now, who is going to pay for the Palace??  Hmmmm.  This might become an issue.  Money always is.  In the meantime, let’s compare the two.

Solomon's Temple vs. Palace | Quick view bible, Bible knowledge ...

 

 

Here is a great visual so that you can see size difference between the Temple and the Palace. 😭

 

Solomon's Palace Model | The Temple. View from the northeast ...


Extra Credit Question:  One of the pictures has a compass rose on it.

  1. What direction was the entrance of the Temple?
  2. Why did it face that direction?

 

1 Kings · 2 Chronicles

1 Kings 5-6, 2 Chron 2-3

Quick recap: David wanted to build a permanent structure for the Lord.  God’s dwelling place was currently in Gibeon and the construction was a Tabernacle, make of wood, cloth, and animal skins so that it could travel with the Israelites.  The blueprint for construction was given to Moses directly from God.  However, God said he would choose the place where his Temple would be established.  Mount Moriah was the very place Abraham was going to sacrifice Isaac and a substitute was offered to save his life.  This spot was the Gospel from the very beginning.  David purchased this land, which is a threshing floor (a threshing floor is where farmers separated the wheat from the chaff), a perfect visual of the Gospel: separating the saved from the lost.  God told David he had blood on his hands and could not be the one to build the Temple BUT the son I anoint King, will be a King of Peace,  and he will build the Temple: Solomon.  David, in the meantime, spent the rest of his days gathering resources for Temple Construction.


2 Chronicles 5:

“The temple I am going to build will be great, because our God is greater than all other gods. But who is able to build a temple for him, since the heavens, even the highest heavens, cannot contain him? Who then am I to build a temple for him, except as a place to burn sacrifices before him?”

Watch this video so that you can visualize the Temple.  But before you do here are some facts:

  • The labor force: 186,000 
    • 30,000 men workers (in 10,000 at a time rotations)
    • 70,000 laborers
    • 80,000 stone cutters
    • 3,600 foreman
  • The Temple Blueprint was the Taberbacle- enlarged
  • The size was doubled (15ft by 45ft TO 30ft by 90ft)
  • Height was tripled (15 ft to 45 ft)
    • The next temple will be larger (what do I mean next Temple?? What happens to this one?? You will have to read to find out)
  • The materials for the structure was (today’s value) was $11,000,000 (that’s million!)
  • It was 2700 sq ft (about the size of a modest home these days)
    • that’s $4,000 per sq foot
  • Later we will read about furnishings and such (instruments, courtyards, pillars, priest clothes) $$$ The TOTAL to build this Temple is $140,381,000,000 (that’s BILLION!)
  • Took 7 1/2 years to complete

“The temple I am going to build will be great, because our God is greater than all other gods.

OK, now you can watch the video:

 


That’s all I planned on posting but if you wanted more feel free to read on.  If not have a wonderful day, see you tomorrow:

Extra Information:

Hiram reigned from about 980-947.  His reign overlapped David’s by about nine years and Solomon’s by about 24.  Tyre was an important Mediterranean Seaport in Phoenicia north of Israel. Sidon, another, more important Phoenician port city at this time, stood a few miles north of Tyre.

Tyre and Sidon (With images) | Bible mapping, Bible, Daily bible study

The fact that Hiram cooperated with and even acknowledged the Lord (v. 7) shows how God brought blessing to Gentiles as well as to the Israelites through David and Solomon. The treaty between Israel and Phoenicia resulted in peace for many years.

Proverbs 16:7 said:

When the Lord takes pleasure in anyone’s way,
    he causes their enemies to make peace with them.

I am going to tag off a cool comment from last night (well about midnight) from yesterday’s post and stay on the road of “defending the Bible”.  I know many of you would never question “Was there really a Temple?”  Why would you?  BUT the reality is, as we read the Bible we are soaking it up and not even thinking about needing to defend it.  Well, if you engage the lost word you may have to one day.  We should never ‘debate’ the Bible in such a way that pushes someone further away from the Lord. (It happened to me 15 years ago and the debate pushed me further into not wanting anything to do with it) We know 1 Kings is history, so more history will be your support.  Many have argued that building a Temple with those materials, the size, the detail….was impossible 3000 years ago. How can you defend that? It was demolished in 70 AD so we can’t just say it was once there.  So prove that it is possible with history!  It might just be what someone needs to question the Bible might actually be true.  You never know!

So about 70 years ago we excavated a Temple in Syria called the Ain Dara temple,  which was SO similar to Solomon’s structure,  built close to the time of Solomon’s reign,  that it PROVES a temple like the one in Jerusalem COULD be built.  Unfortunately,  most of it was destroyed in 2018 but that’s neither here nor there….we defended the argument without debating the authenticity of the Bible. 😉

That was fun! Let’s do that again one day!

 

1 Kings · 2 Chronicles · Psalm

1 Kings 3-4, 2 Chronicles and Psalm 72

Before we read:

  • Exodus 34:15-16 “Be careful not to make a treaty with those who live in the land; for when they prostitute themselves to their gods and sacrifice to them, they will invite you and you will eat their sacrifices.  And when you choose some of their daughters as wives for your sons and those daughters prostitute themselves to their gods, they will lead your sons to do the same.”
  • Deuteronomy 17:17  He must not take many wives, or his heart will be led astray. He must not accumulate large amounts of silver and gold.
  • Deuteronomy 12:13-14 Be careful not to sacrifice your burnt offerings anywhere you please. Offer them only at the place the Lord will choose in one of your tribes, and there observe everything I command you.

Chapter 3

Verse 1: “Solomon made an alliance with Pharaoh king of Egypt and married his daughter. He brought her to the City of David until he finished building his palace and the temple of the Lord, and the wall around Jerusalem. The people, however, were still sacrificing at the high places, because a temple had not yet been built for the Name of the Lord. Solomon showed his love for the Lord by walking according to the instructions given him by his father David, except that he offered sacrifices and burned incense on the high places.

Chapter 3 begins immediately with the scripture that will eventually be Solomon’s ultimate downfall.  Marriage between royal families was a common practice in the ancient Middle East because it secured peace.  His MANY marriages opened the door to pagan ideas and practices.  Solomon’s foreign wives brought their gods to Jerusalem which led to idolatry.

Solomon loved God, but sacrificing outside the Tabernacle was forbidden.   It took the offerings out of the careful practices of the priesthood and opened the door for false teaching.

(Cool fact: 40 kings will be mentioned in 1 and 2 Kings, and Solomon is the only one in scripture that says he loved the Lord)❤


This is was so cool I thought I would share:

In 1928 a Syrian farmer found the first of many tablets in his field.  He uncovered the Ras Shamra tablets. These tablets described Canaanite religious practices “in high places” of child sacrifice (lining up with the exact description from the Bible).  Other cultural practices mentioned in the Bible such as Levirate marriage (Gen 38:8; Deut 25:5-6), were also described in the Ras Shamra tablets.  A small fragment of one of the tablets contained an account of the flood story. Findings like this supports the reliability of the Bible.


Next:

God said, “Ask for whatever you want me to give you.”

Solomon said, “So give your servant a discerning heart to govern your people and to distinguish between right and wrong. For who is able to govern this great people of yours?”

His words show that he viewed himself as dependent on God, not self-sufficient.

(A few key words are underlined)

10 The Lord was pleased that Solomon had asked for this. 11 So God said to him, “Since you have asked for this and not for long life or wealth for yourself, nor have asked for the death of your enemies but for discernment in administering justice, 12 I will do what you have asked. I will give you a wise and discerning heart, so that there will never have been anyone like you, nor will there ever be. 13 Moreover, I will give you what you have not asked for—both wealth and honor—so that in your lifetime you will have no equal among kings. 14 And if you walk in obedience to me and keep my decrees and commands as David your father did, I will give you a long life.” 

(Darn!  as soon as I see an “if”, I know it’s not going to go as planned!)


One of Solomon’s first acts in the Bible to use his Wisdom was “The Wise Ruling” incident:


Chapter 4- Continuing with wise decision, Solomon organizes Officials and Governors to maintain government effectiveness.  He was wiser than the men from the East (Egypt) who were known for their wisdom.  The men that were named: Heman, Kalkol, and Darda are from the tribe of Judah (mentioned in 1 Chron 2:6)


2 Chronicles 1:   It is not what this book says, but what it does NOT say.

  1. What is missing?
  2. Why is it missing?

Psalm 72- This is categorized as a Royal Psalm so here is my question…when you read Psalm 72, did you read is as:

  1. David writing it, and praying it over his son Solomon?
  2. Solomon, wanting/needing Wisdom from the Lord?
  3. Did you read it as they were referring to the Messiah?

(There is no right or wrong answer)

1 Kings · Psalm

1 Kings 1-2, and Psalms 37, 71, and 94

David has 8 wives and 10 concubines (that we know of).  David had at least 20 children.

DAVID’S CHILDREN

  1. Amnon – David’s firstborn, He was killed by his brother Absalom for raping their sister Tamar.
  2. Daniel/Kileab – David’s second son, born in Hebron to Abigail of Carmel.  (uncertain how he died)
  3. Absalom – David’s third son,  He was killed by Joab after rebelling against his father David.
  4. Adonijah – David’s fourth son-
  5. Shephatiah – David’s fifth son
  6. Ithream – David’s sixth son
  7. Shimea – from Bathsheba
  8. Shobab – from Bathsheba
  9. Nathan – from Bathsheba
  10. Solomon (also called Jedidiah). David’s most famous son was also by Bathsheba. God chose Solomon to become the next king of Israel.

David’s remaining children were born in Jerusalem, but we don’t know much else about them:

11) Ibhar
12) Elishama
13) Eliphelet
14) Nogah
15) Nepheg
16) Japhia
17) Elishama
18) Eliada
19) Eliphelet
20) Tamar. We do not know Tamar’s position in the birth order but do know she was the daughter of Maakah. We are told of her rape at the hands of her half-brother Amnon and that afterward she lived in isolation at her brother Absalom’s house.


Adonijah was David’s fourth son and the eldest one living at this time. Evidently, he believed it was more important that the eldest son succeed David as king, than the Lord choosing a King. The Lord had identified Solomon as David’s successor even before Solomon was born (1 Chron. 22:9-10). Adonijah’s revolt was primarily against the revealed will of God, then against David, and finally against Solomon.

Adonijah enlists the support of the Joab the military commander and Abiathar the priest.  Brother #3, Absolom already tried to take the throne and was killed for it.  David may have been a GREAT King (with faults), but as far as parenting goes, he was terrible.  He never followed the law or raised his children up according to God’s precepts.

Adonijah hosted a feast, usually called a “covenant meal”.  This was his announcement of crowning himself king and it was customary that those who attended were supporters.

verse 7 Adonijah conferred with Joab son of Zeruiah and with Abiathar the priest, and they gave him their support. 8 But Zadok the priest, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, Nathan the prophet, Shimei and Rei and David’s special guard did not join Adonijah.

As a prophet, Nathan spoke for God. (The term “prophet” occurs 94 times in Kings,  we will dive into that another day, I woke up late)  God moved Nathan to change the day. Adonijah had become king only in the sense that he was the people’s choice at that moment.  Nathan tells David and Bathsheba to get the ball rolling to anoint Solomon, and it worked.

Solomon becomes king and rode in on a mule.  (If Kings rode in on a horse they were coming in for war, a donkey or a mule they were coming in for Peace).  Hmmmm, which one did Jesus come in on?

Solomon is King, Zadok is High Priest, and Nathan is the prophet.

Then they sounded the trumpet and all the people shouted, “Long live King Solomon!” 40 And all the people went up after him, playing pipes and rejoicing greatly, so that the ground shook with the sound.41 Adonijah and all the guests who were with him heard it as they were finishing their feast. On hearing the sound of the trumpet, Joab asked, “What’s the meaning of all the noise in the city?”

(Can you picture their faces!!  They must have pooped their pants!!)

Adonijah clearly was afraid,  he gripped the horns of the altar knowing a murder could never happen that close to it. (Big fat baby)

Adonijah, in fear of Solomon, went and took hold of the horns of ...

“Adonijah is afraid of King Solomon and is clinging to the horns of the altar. He says, ‘Let King Solomon swear to me today that he will not put his servant to death with the sword.’”

52 Solomon replied, “If he shows himself to be worthy, not a hair of his head will fall to the ground; but if evil is found in him, he will die.” 53 Then King Solomon sent men, and they brought him down from the altar. And Adonijah came and bowed down to King Solomon, and Solomon said, “Go to your home.”

(I don’t think we have read many “If..But” commands that have ever ended well!!


Chapter 2 David’s Charge to Solomon

  1. So be strong, act like a man
  2. observe what the Lord your God requires: Walk in obedience to him, and keep his decrees and commands, his laws and regulations, as written in the Law of Moses. (David lost his way on this, so he wants Solomon to obey)
  3.  you will never fail to have a successor on the throne of Israel. (Davidic Covenant)

Paraphrase- “Oh, and by the way son, there was a ton of stuff I did not handle at all that I will pass on to you…can you kill Joab because he is a horrible man, oh yeah and Shimei-he cursed at me and threw rocks at my head…can deal with him as you see fit…

Finally, the moment happens:

10 Then David rested with his ancestors and was buried in the City of David. 11 He had reigned forty years over Israel—seven years in Hebron and thirty-three in Jerusalem. 12 So Solomon sat on the throne of his father David, and his rule was firmly established.

WOW!

The rest of chapter 2 is so cool.  Do you remember when Absolom David’s sons slept with David’s concubines on the rooftop for all of Jerusalem to see?  It was a power play.  The rightful king always took the preceding king’s wives.  Well, Adonijah plays this card when he asks Bathsheba for Abishag (the beautiful virgin nurse) as his wife.    Solomon is smart enough to know this trick and has him killed to secure the throne.

Shimea was given grace (through the wisdom of Solomon) and told, I will spare your life as long as you build a house and stay there!!  But when Shimea’s slaves ran away he did not stay put and went after them breaking his promise.  So Solomon has no choice but to not trust his word and will have him killed.

Solomon takes action and has all the leaders that could have plotted against him put to death to secure the throne.

  • Joab replaced with Benaiah
  • Shimei

The chapter ends with:

The kingdom was now established in Solomon’s hands.


Don’t forget to read your Psalms.

Psalm 37 just might be the best one yet.  It would be nearly impossible to pick just one verse to highlight.  He is handing the crown to Solomon with this Godly Poem

Psalm 71- I lied, this one might be the best one yet!  I picture David near-death Praising God for the life he had.

Even when I am old and gray,
    do not forsake me, my God,
till I declare your power to the next generation,
    your mighty acts to all who are to come.

Psalm 94- I may have lied again!  We don’t know when the Psalms are written, but I picture David in Jerusalem knowing Adonijah and his supports feasting over their plans.

11 The Lord knows all human plans;
    he knows that they are futile.

 

What a GREAT day of reading!  Have a wonderful Day!!

(I woke up late so excuse typos) 😬