1 Kings · 2 Chronicles

1 Kings 22 and 2 Chron 18

Today we end 1 Kings:

Last week we read about several kings but we ended with Jehosapaht on the side of Judah.

 

When you read this last chapter you can view it from a human standpoint “I think that is a great idea Jehoshaphat, making a treaty with Israel to overtake Aram.” OR you can look at it from God’s point of view (not just the head but the heart) and maybe see it a little different.  Even though Jehoshaphat in chapter 17 started a revival for Judah we now see him 3 years later waiting and waiting for Ahab to be killed just like the Lord had promised OR Ahab to conquer Aram completely.

Jehoshaphat reigns in Jerusalem and Ahab in Samaria.  It makes strategic sense on Jehoshaphat’s part to use the Samarian capital to have Ahab killed and to Barack Aram (in Ramoth Gilead).  Look at the map.

 

MY TREASURE BOX" : 2 CHRONICLES: BATTLE WITH ARAM (SYRIA)

Anyway, Ahab is told to seek the Lord,  so he calls up 400 prophets.  TIME OUT.  Think about this for a moment.  His wife is Jezebel…she went through great efforts to kill all the prophets, remember they even hid in caves.  So who are these men?  Oh….these are smart enough to “prophesize” only what she wants to hear.  Jehoshaphat wasn’t born yesterday so he says “Ummm can we get a real prophet please”.

15 When he arrived, the king asked him, “Micaiah, shall we go to war against Ramoth Gilead, or not?”

“Attack and be victorious,” he answered, “for the Lord will give it into the king’s hand.”

(He was being Sarcastic! He was repeating the false prophets!)

16 The king said to him, “How many times must I make you swear to tell me nothing but the truth in the name of the Lord?”

17 Then Micaiah answered, “I saw all Israel scattered on the hills like sheep without a shepherd, and the Lord said, ‘These people have no master. Let each one go home in peace.’”

18 The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “Didn’t I tell you that he never prophesies anything good about me, but only bad?”

In the end, Elijah’s prophesy comes true and Ahab meets his fate of death and his blood being licked by dogs.

Overall Jehsaphat was an accomplished leader and considered a “Good King” following the ways of the Lord (except for removing all the “high places” (altars fr worship to false gods).

Next on our checklist, we see

  • Judah King: Jehoram
  • Israel King:Ahaziah52 He did evil in the eyes of the Lord, because he followed the ways of his father and mother and of Jeroboam son of Nebat, who caused Israel to sin. 53 He served and worshiped Baal and aroused the anger of the Lord, the God of Israel, just as his father had done.

Does anyone know the significance of tomorrow???

1 Kings · 2 Chronicles

1Kings 15:25-16:34 and 2Chron 17

If you like a good checklist to see what we will pick off our “Honey Do” list: Click here.  Looking at it you will see that we are coming up in Elijah (pretty familiar name) and the book of the Prophets, starting with Obadiah. (completed is the *)

Today we switch to the Northern tribes that Jeroboam led to break off from the line of David.

    • Nadab
    • Baasha
    • Elah
    • Zimri
    • Omri
    • Into to Ahab
  • Kings in Blue
  • Chronicles in Red 

Nadab-25 Nadab son of Jeroboam became king of Israel in the second year of Asa king of Judah, and he reigned over Israel two years. 26 He did evil in the eyes of the Lord, following the ways of his father and committing the same sin his father had caused Israel to commit. (that pretty much summed it up)]

Baasha-Asa king of Judah, Baasha son of Ahijah became king of all Israel in Tirzah, and he reigned twenty-four years. 34 He did evil in the eyes of the Lord, following the ways of Jeroboam and committing the same sin Jeroboam had caused Israel to commit. (I am seeing a pattern)

Elah- Elah son of Baasha became king of Israel, and he reigned in Tirzah two years……they aroused the anger of the Lord, the God of Israel, by their worthless idols.

Zimri-Zimri reigned in Tirzah SEVEN days. He must have been busy to commit so many sins in just 7 days!  But Omri did evil in the eyes of the Lord and sinned more than all those before him. (Good grief)

Omri- After a short tribal split (again) Omri became king of Israel, and he reigned twelve years.  

  • Omri’s reign is significant because he purchased and builds the capital of Samaria, a strategic location.   This fortified capital lasts the rest of the Northern Kingdom. (we will also talk about it a lot when we get to the New Testament)

Arson Kite Sets Fire to Samaria Winery - Breaking Israel News

FreeBibleimages :: Israel taken into captivity in Assyria :: The ...

Finally, we get to Ahab.  I remember the first time I read this book I about fell over when I found out Jezebel was a person in the Bible.  I thought it was just a nickname for a “bad girl”.  Who knew!

“Ahab son of Omri became king of Israel, and he reigned in Samaria over Israel twenty-two years.” (See, now reigned in Samaria makes sense).31 He not only considered it trivial to commit the sins of Jeroboam son of Nebat, but he also married Jezebel daughter of Ethbaal king of the Sidonians, and began to serve Baal and worship him. 32 He set up an altar for Baal in the temple of Baal that he built in Samaria. 33 Ahab also made an Asherah pole and did more to arouse the anger of the Lord, the God of Israel, than did all the kings of Israel before him. 

Raiders-- King Ahab part 1 - Pine Run Church of Christ


When we switch to 2 Chronicles we are switching back to the South/Rehomboma/Judah- Jehoshaphat

The Lord was with Jehoshaphat because he followed the ways of his father David before him. He did not consult the Baals but sought the God of his father and followed his commands rather than the practices of Israel.

 They taught throughout Judah, taking with them the Book of the Law of the Lord; they went around to all the towns of Judah and taught the people.

1 Kings · 2 Chronicles

1 Kings 15:1-24 and 2 Chronicles 13-16

In the sidebar (at the bottom if you are on your phone) I put 2 new handouts from the other day.  It might help to print them so you know if the king we are reading about is from Judah or Israel now that we have a divided kingdom.  Print whichever one works for you:

Click here for this one

Click here for this one

Adult Ed: Kings

If neither of those work for you: I like this one too-

Click here to print: (I like them all!)

Davidic line - Wikipedia

1 Kings 15 v:1-24 only

Look below: this is interesting!  This is a common view of the Bible.  This is JUST the Kings from Judah. None of them were good from the side of Israel.  So track along (I will repost this visual as we read about them). For the life of me cannot remember the names so I keep this visual on my computer screen as a read:

As we read today (2 Chronicles gives more detail) we will see why the line graph moves up from Rehoboam to Abijah and significantly higher for Asa.

  • 1 Kings is in Blue
  • 2 Chron is in Red

Abijah- v.3 “He committed all the sins his father had done before him; his heart was not fully devoted to the Lord his God, as the heart of David his forefather had been.” (All the kings will be compared to David.  David may have sinned many times BUT he never worshipped any other God than the Lord).  So why was he better than Rehoboam? v.5-Don’t you know that the Lord, the God of Israel, has given the kingship of Israel to David and his descendants forever by a covenant of salt?   Abijah is referring to the Davidic Covenant in 2 Samual 7.  He is talking to Jeroboam and saying “You idiot!  Don’t you know you have split yourself off from the line of the Covenant, God will take his hand off your people,  you even let ANYONE become a priest, even if they are not a Levite…that’s horrible”.

Asa– v.11 Asa did what was right in the eyes of the Lord, as his father David had done. 12 He expelled the male shrine prostitutes from the land and got rid of all the idols his ancestors had made.” ……v.14-14 Although he did not remove the high places( only the ones in Judah), Asa’s heart was fully committed to the Lord all his life. (this was his mistake, he did not remove the pagan altar’s)  v.11-11 Then Asa called to the Lord his God and said, “Lord, there is no one like you to help the powerless against the mighty. Help us, Lord our God, for we rely on you, and in your name we have come against this vast army. (You can see why on the line graph he moved up to the GOOD section.)  BUT….not Revival….why?  He did not fully trust the Lod in what he JUST said-16:2Asa then took the silver and gold out of the treasuries of the Lord’s temple and of his own palace and sent it to Ben-Hadad king of Aram, who was ruling in Damascus. “Let there be a treaty between me and you,” he said, “as there was between my father and your father. See, I am sending you silver and gold. Now break your treaty with Baasha king of Israel so he will withdraw from me.”  WHY MAKE A TREATY?? AND WHY GIVE THEM THE CONSECRATED TEMPLE GOLD?  Oh Asa….close but no cigar.

Kings can be confusing so I hope this helped as we picked off the first 2.  Good Stuff…I could have cut and pasted all of 2 Chronicles!!  Use your visuals!  If you want one in color, but don’t have a color printer, let me know, I will mail you one.

 

 

2 Chronicles

2 Chronicles 10-12

This is the synoptic read from yesterday so if you are jumping in today for the first time…read yesterday’s post for today.   We now see if from a priest’s point of view.  One pattern I am really picking up on is rebellion occurs at times of royal succession, which makes sense because people are opportunists.  Saul to David to Solomon and now to Rehoboam, the passing of the crown is a very dark time.

Since the time of Judges, the tribes have had issues getting along however this is now a total separation from each other like the Civil War in our history.  Here is what cracks me up…Ezra is being opportunistic when he writes this book. Ezra, the author, is a priest (a Levite), writing this History book to encourage the rebuilding of Jerusalem when the people return after the captivity, right?

13 The priests and Levites from all their districts throughout Israel sided with him. 14 The Levites even abandoned their pasturelands and property and came to Judah and Jerusalem, because Jeroboam and his sons had rejected them as priests of the Lord 15 when he appointed his own priests for the high places and for the goat and calf idols he had made. 16 Those from every tribe of Israel who set their hearts on seeking the Lord, the God of Israel, followed the Levites to Jerusalem to offer sacrifices to the Lord, the God of their ancestors. 17 They strengthened the kingdom of Judah and supported Rehoboam son of Solomon three years, following the ways of David and Solomon during this time.

Ezra is taking a moment to reassure The Remnant People that before the captivity, they were on the “right'” side, they chose the Davidic Line…the Covenant Line.  Does that make sense?  Not sure if I am saying that like I mean.


Chapter 12:  Read this chapter very carefully.  Click here if you need to reread it.

v1: After Rehoboam’s position as king was established and he had become strong, he and all Israel with him abandoned the law of the Lord. Because they had been unfaithful to the Lord, Shishak king of Egypt attacked Jerusalem in the fifth year of King Rehoboam.

v6:The leaders of Israel and the king humbled themselves and said, “The Lord is just.”

(As a result, rememeber all the beatuful furniture in the Temple…gone! and Rehoboam replaces them with Bronze??)

12 Because Rehoboam humbled himself, the Lord’s anger turned from him, and he was not totally destroyed. Indeed, there was some good in Judah.

However, remember the other day we talked about the “dash” on a tomb headstone.  How would his life be summed up? Rehoboam, the son of a man who was given Wisdom, brought Peace to Jerusalem and built the Temple his dash would say

14 He did evil because he had not set his heart on seeking the Lord.

1 Kings · 2 Chronicles

1 Kings 10-11, 2 chron 9

CHAPTER 10 VISUALS:

Yemen….I can’t say it in my head without hearing Chandler’s voice:

Joey: "And Yemen, that actually sounds like a real country ...

 

The site of Sheba was about 1,200 miles southeast of Israel (present Yemen and or Oman). A traditional site of the Queen of Sheba’s castle is Salalah, in southern Oman.

Location of Yemen (red)

countries around saudi arabia - Google Search (With images ...

The queen’s primary purpose in visiting Solomon seems to have been to make a treaty with him. “Testing” or “Questioning” was a typical activity among ancient Near Eastern monarchs. Solomon served as an international broker. He capitalized on Israel’s geographic location as the land bridge that connected three continents: Europe, Asia, and Africa. Everyone passed through Israel with their merchandise and Solomon charged custom taxes as goods entered and left his country.

The weight of the gold that Solomon received yearly was 666 talents,  not including the revenues from merchants and traders and from all the Arabian kings and the governors of the territories.

Hmmm  666.

500

and of course…the Throne

 

העבודות של חנוך כהן | פרוג - דף הבית של היוצרים החרדים


Time to get serious.  Chapter 11:

 Lord had told the Israelites, “You must not intermarry with them, because they will surely turn your hearts after their gods.” Nevertheless, Solomon held fast to them in love. He had seven hundred wives of royal birth and three hundred concubines, and his wives led him astray.

 

On a hill east of Jerusalem, Solomon built a high place for Chemosh the detestable god of Moab, and for Molek the detestable god of the Ammonites. He did the same for all his foreign wives, who burned incense and offered sacrifices to their gods.

Apostasy of King Solomon ~ Limited Edition Archival Grade Print

Pagan worship looked different for each god.  Many of the practices were sexual with each other or with animals, but the Molech often required child sacrifice to their god.

11 So the Lord said to Solomon, “Since this is your attitude and you have not kept my covenant and my decrees, which I commanded you, I will most certainly tear the kingdom away from you and give it to one of your subordinates. 

Ready??  BIG MOMENT:

26 Also, Jeroboam son of Nebat rebelled against the king. He was one of Solomon’s officials, an Ephraimite from Zeredah, and his mother was a widow named Zeruah.

A prophet named Ahijah took a cloak and tore it into pieces giving a visual of what he was going to do to the kingdom:

FreeBibleimages :: Rehoboam and Jeroboam: The Kingdom divides ...

 

I will take the kingdom from his son’s hands and give you ten tribes. (Talking to Jeroboam Solomon’s Servant)

41 As for the other events of Solomon’s reign—all he did and the wisdom he displayed—are they not written in the book of the annals of Solomon? 42 Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel forty years. 43 Then he rested with his ancestors and was buried in the city of David his father. And Rehoboam his son succeeded him as king.

Either tonight or tomorrow I am going to recap what is happening and supply you with handouts because we are on the brink of a MAJOR turn in the Bible!!  We started as a Theocracy (God is King), then to Monorachy (Saul, David then Solomon as KIng), NEXT…A Divided Monarchy!  (we will call it the Divided Kingdom)

 

1 Kings · 2 Chronicles

1 Kings 9 and 2 Chronicles 8

Our reading today is a short read today so I want you to read it very carefully.  How do these 2 chapters differ?  Remember the Chronicles author,  Ezra,  was a priest (and a pretty conservative one) so his concentration is going to be the duties of the priests, the sacrifices, the feasts…really he is always going to be Temple centered.

Solomon’s splendor was the Temple…after that it kind of goes downhill.  I know we keep rereading this but it is so important:

Deuteronomy 17:

The King

14 When you enter the land the Lord your God is giving you and have taken possession of it and settled in it, and you say, “Let us set a king over us like all the nations around us,” 15 be sure to appoint over you a king the Lord your God chooses. He must be from among your fellow Israelites. Do not place a foreigner over you, one who is not an Israelite. 1The king, moreover, must not acquire great numbers of horses for himself or make the people return to Egypt to get more of them, for the Lord has told you, “You are not to go back that way again.” 17 He must not take many wives, or his heart will be led astray. He must not accumulate large amounts of silver and gold.

18 When he takes the throne of his kingdom, he is to write for himself on a scroll a copy of this law, taken from that of the Levitical priests. 19 It is to be with him, and he is to read it all the days of his life so that he may learn to revere the Lord his God and follow carefully all the words of this law and these decrees 20 and not consider himself better than his fellow Israelites and turn from the law to the right or to the left. Then he and his descendants will reign a long time over his kingdom in Israel.


In today’s read we get the big “IF”…”Then” statement:

“But if you or your descendants turn away from me and do not observe the commands and decrees I have given you[and go off to serve other gods and worship them, 7 then I will cut off Israel from the land I have given them and will reject this temple I have consecrated for my Name. Israel will then become a byword and an object of ridicule among all peoples. This temple will become a heap of rubble. 

Son of a Nutcracker!  You know I am shaking my head  (I was going to write SMH but my husband isn’t as cool as I am and would not know it meant that).


Solomon was a King of Peace and through his willingness to work with his neighbors AND marry their daughters he enlarged the Kingdom while he reined.  Even in today’s scriptures, Solomon knows this is wrong because she can’t even live near the Ark because her pagan rituals would be too close to the Presence of the Lord.  SMH!!

Picture

Umm but remember he was supposed to read his Bible, I mean the Laws daily so that he would follow God’s words carefully.  If he had,  he may have seen this:

Deuteronomy 7

When the Lord your God brings you into the land you are entering to possess and drives out before you many nations—the Hittites, Girgashites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites, seven nations larger and stronger than you— and when the Lord your God has delivered them over to you and you have defeated them, then you must destroy them totally.[ Make no treaty with them, and show them no mercy. Do not intermarry with them. Do not give your daughters to their sons or take their daughters for your sons, for they will turn your children away from following me to serve other gods, and the Lord’s anger will burn against you and will quickly destroy you. This is what you are to do to them: Break down their altars, smash their sacred stones, cut down their Asherah poles and burn their idols in the fire. For you are a people holy to the Lord your God. The Lord your God has chosen you out of all the peoples on the face of the earth to be his people, his treasured possession.

So when you read today you can see he really was ignoring God on a lot of things!  (feel free to ask yourself if you are a Solomon)

2 Chronicles · Psalm

2 Chronicles 6-7 and Psalm 136

Very similar to the read from yesterday so I will keep this brief.  Solomon’s prayer is one of the most important prayers in the Old Testament.  Ezra is a priest that has been the Israelites return to Jerusalem after being taken in captivity from the Babylonians.    In his prayer, Solomon explained the significance of God coming to indwell His temple. God had come to empower, to have fellowship, and to judge, if necessary. God was present among His people, and He would hear their prayers when they obediently called out to Him.

Solomon specified seven specific situations in which he asked the Lord to intervene in answer to prayer.

  1. when the people swore an oath in the temple (v. 22-23)
  2. suffered defeat and exile from an enemy (v. 24-25)
  3. lacked rain (v. 26-27)
  4. when they experienced disease or other disasters (v. 28-31)
  5. when foreigners would come to pray toward the temple (v. 32-33)
  6. when Israel was at war (v. 34-35)
  7. when Israel was in captivity due to sin (v. 36-39).

The biggest difference between the 2 prayers is the insert from Psalm 132 into the prayer:

4“Now, my God, may your eyes be open and your ears attentive to the prayers offered in this place.

41 “Now arise, Lord God, and come to your resting place,
you and the ark of your might.
May your priests, Lord God, be clothed with salvation,
may your faithful people rejoice in your goodness.
42 Lord God, do not reject your anointed one.
Remember the great love promised to David your servant.”

You know me by now, I see the “If” and I KNOW this can’t be good!!!

Chapter 7 ends with:

19 “But if you turn away and forsake the decrees and commands I have given you and go off to serve other gods and worship them, 20 then I will uproot Israel from my land, which I have given them, and will reject this temple I have consecrated for my Name. I will make it a byword and an object of ridicule among all peoples. 21 This temple will become a heap of rubble. All[d] who pass by will be appalled and say, ‘Why has the Lord done such a thing to this land and to this temple?’ 22 People will answer, ‘Because they have forsaken the Lord, the God of their ancestors, who brought them out of Egypt, and have embraced other gods, worshiping and serving them—that is why he brought all this disaster on them.’”

Say it isn’t so!!


Don’t forget to read the Psalm, if I hadn’t posted the song yesterday…I would have totally posted it today.

1 Kings · 2 Chronicles

1 Kings 8 and 2 Chronicles 5

1 Kings8:

In the first paragraph you can establish the Who, What, Where, When, (we get to the why later).

Then King Solomon summoned into his presence at Jerusalem the elders of Israel, all the heads of the tribes and the chiefs of the Israelite families, to bring up the ark of the Lord’s covenant from Zion, the City of David. All the Israelites came together to King Solomon at the time of the festival in the month of Ethanim, the seventh month.

The WHEN is so cool.  This is a HUGE moment and Solomon chose the month of Ethamin, the seventh month.   Ethamin means “ever-flowing streams,” “enduring” “strong” “everlasting” The name of the month gets changed after the captivity to Tishri or Tishrei. The word “Tishrei” comes from the Syrian “tishrin,” and it means “beginning” or “commencement”.  How fitting for this moment (little geeky info for you).

What do you see? The Feast of Tabernacles. This was one of the feasts that the Mosaic Law specified that all Israelite males must attend (Lev. 23:33-36). This feast was a commemoration of the Lord’s faithfulness during the wilderness wanderings. It looked back to their slavery in Egypt and forward to their Promised Land. The bringing of the ark into the temple symbolized the fulfillment of that hope. Solomon waited for this feast in order to celebrate the dedication of the temple. This festival would bring everyone to the tabernacle (now the temple) to celebrate all week. This is a fantastic day with a spectacular crowd to see the dedication of the temple as the Glory of God fills it.

The ark has been in the Tabernacle this whole time at the house of Obed-edom.  David brought it there after the Philistines had captured it and returned it (2 Sam. 6:17).  The Levites properly brought the Ark into the Temple.

When did Jerusalem become the Capital of Israel? - Ancient Questions

When the priests withdrew from the Holy Place, the cloud filled the temple of the Lord. And the priests could not perform their service because of the cloud, for the glory of the Lord filled his temple.

The “shekinah” cloud, means “to dwell”.  It symbolized his presence amoung the people.  The same word was used when he filled the tabernacle in Exodus 40.

Solomon addressed the people regarding his father’s heart wanting to build the temple, but he was not allowed since he was a king of war, not peace.  God raised up Solomon to do that, as He had promised. He has a large crowd for the festival and he is restating the Davidic Covenant BUT I am also thinking he is letting them know he is king.  A king takes his rightful place after his throne is built (we read about that yesterday):


Solomon’s Prayer was AMAZING!!!  It is the longest prayer in the Bible.  It begins with:

Lord, the God of Israel, there is no God like you in heaven above or on earth below—you who keep your covenant of love with your servants who continue wholeheartedly in your way.

He did not confuse God’s presence with God Himself. (I think we need to think about that in our own lives)

27 “But will God really dwell on earth? The heavens, even the highest heaven, cannot contain you. How much less this temple I have built!

When Solomon prayed his requests were specific.  In Leviticus and Deuteronomy God spoke of Blessing if they followed the law and consequences for disobedience. Solomon specifically addressed each consequence in his prayer.  However, he uses the word WHEN not If.  (Must be the Wisdom speaking)

7 Petitions:

  • When anyone wrongs their neighbor…judge between the innocent and the guilty
  • When your people are defeated, sin, turn their back to you…forgive them
  • When there is a drought…teach them what is right
  • When there is a famine, plague, natural disasters….know their hearts when they call out
  • When a foreigner comes to you (Gentiles)…may all the people know you
  • When we go to war…uphold the cause of your people
  • My favorite: 46 “When they sin against you—for there is no one who does not sin—and you become angry with them and give them over to their enemies, who take them captive to their own lands, far away or near; ….(and when they repent)…forgive them and bring them back.

2 Chronicles:

After reading Chronicles, I thought: “If Chris Tomlin was the entertainment for the Festival, what would the encore song be”.  I know you thought about it too!!

 

 

 

1 Kings · 2 Chronicles

1 Kings 7 and 2 Chronincles 4

Extra Credit Question at the bottom

So the pinnacle of Solomon’s reign was the Temple.  However, after the 7 year construction of the Temple, Solomon decided to build his Palace which was so massive it took 13 years.  We already saw the offerings and donations that funded the Temple.  Now, who is going to pay for the Palace??  Hmmmm.  This might become an issue.  Money always is.  In the meantime, let’s compare the two.

Solomon's Temple vs. Palace | Quick view bible, Bible knowledge ...

 

 

Here is a great visual so that you can see size difference between the Temple and the Palace. 😭

 

Solomon's Palace Model | The Temple. View from the northeast ...


Extra Credit Question:  One of the pictures has a compass rose on it.

  1. What direction was the entrance of the Temple?
  2. Why did it face that direction?